These snake… is classified as least concern on the IUCN Red List, due to their wide distribution and presumed large population numbers. Information on developing genomic resources and methods for studying long-lived species. No information on metabolism is available. HAGR may be freely used for all purposes under some conditions. The Timber Rattlesnake is one of the most long-lived species of rattlesnake, with snakes often living for over twenty years. Our other two rattlesnakes are massasaugas; they are rare and only found in northern Missouri. Though it may strike if necessary, the timber rattlesnake is more docile than other members of its family and is more likely to stay coiled or stretched out, motionless when encountered in the wild. This is the only rattlesnake species in most of the populous northeastern United States and is second only to its cousins to the west, the prairie rattlesnake, as the most northerly distributed venomous snake in North America. The timber rattlesnake (Crotalus horridus) occurs statewide; adults are 3 to 5 feet long and have large rattles. Timber rattlesnake bites in are rare. After emerging from the underground crevices in which is spends the winter, it makes its way onto rock ledges where it can bask in the sun to keep warm. Venom / Bite The timber rattlesnake is the 3rd largest venomous snake in the US and is one of North America's most dangerous snakes, due to its impressive size, long fangs and high venom yield. The largest Timber rattlesnake was able to get to a weight of about 10 pounds. These snakes are members of the viper family. Learn about local snakes that can be easily confused with the timber rattler. 500-1,500 g. LENGTH. Antivenom for timber rattlesnake bites is widely available at hospitals, especially in areas where timber rattlesnakes are known to live. Roads crossing their migratory range pose a threat and they commonly become road kill. Basic description. Like other vipers, the timber rattlesnake is venomous with venom potent enough to kill a human. The timber rattlesnake has a brown or yellowish to a grayish body, but some individuals are very dark, almost a solid black. A curated database of compounds that modulate longevity in model organisms. Timber rattlesnakes avoid people. A Canadian government sponsored recovery program is currently under study to support the reintroducing of this snake to its former Canadian habitat. Life history traits (averages) This is a video of the timber rattlesnake from the BBC's Life in Cold Blood documentary series. In addition, the communal denning of timber rattlesnakes also makes them even more vulnerable to human persecution. Timber Rattlesnake VENOMOUS! Heat-sensing pit on each side of the head between and slightly below eye and nostril; large rattle at end of a jet black tail; small scales covering most of top of the head with one large scale over each eye; a pattern of 18–33 dark bands or chevrons on the back. No subspecies are currently recognized. Timber Rattlesnake, Crotalus Horridus Horridus photo via Shutterstock. Ron Price found a massive timber rattlesnake on his Louisiana land and the discovery has generated quite the buzz online. In Minnesota, the m… 30-37 yrs. The timber rattlesnake hibernates for the colder half of the year, but becomes active in Massachusetts around the middle of April. The timber rattlesnake is venomous and can harm humans if they are bitten. Cross-protective. Database of human genetic variants associated with longevity. A curated database of candidate human ageing-related genes and genes associated with longevity and/or ageing in model organisms. Software for ageing research, including the Ageing Research Computational Tools (ARCT) perl toolkit. Life Expectancy: 20 years, sometimes more. The dorsal scales of the snake are keeled. In captivity, they can live for even longer. Other Names: Banded Rattlesnake, Velvet-tail Rattlesnake, Canebrake Rattlesnake Scientific Name: Crotalus horridus Family: Crotalidae Return to Snake Identification A high-coverage genome of the bowhead whale (Balaena mysticetus), the longest-lived mammal. They get to be about 3-5 feet in length. OUR DATA: We use the most recent data from these primary sources: AnAge, UMICH, Max Planck, PanTHERIA, Arkive, UKC, AKC. Although maximum life span remains unknown, individuals can live for at least 25 years. The bibliographic library for ageing research. This is a large, heavy-bodied snake with a series of large, black, chevron-like crossbands down the pinkish gray or tan body. AnAge: The Animal Ageing and Longevity Database, New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Partners in Amphibian And Reptile Conservation: Northeast Working Group, Longevity Variants Database (LongevityMap), 2017 Ageing Genomics and Bioinformatics Workshop. The Timber rattlesnake is a large venomous pit viper native to eastern North America. Timber rattlesnake venom can be counteracted with antivenom. During the colder seasons, they retreat to … Another distinguishing feature for the species is the rattle. The high age in which they can reach for captivity is about 37 years, which is 7 years more than in the wild. But the species population has been steadily decreasing over their historic range, mainly due to habitat destruction and other human activities. Rattlers are amazing creatures As we learn more of the secret lives of timber rattlers through radio telemetry, videography and innovative experiments, we discover abilities beyond our previous understanding. They will coil beside a fallen tree or log and wait for their quick-moving prey to pass. Lifespan/Longevity. In the wild Timber rattlesnakes can live as long as 30 years, which is high for their species. Timber rattlesnake antivenom is made from the venom itself. Life History: Connecticut’s rattlesnakes are active mid-April through October. 91-152 cm. Description: Typical timber rattlesnakes measure anywhere from 36-58 inches (91-147 cm) in length with Klauber (1956) reporting the largest timber rattlesnake ever recorded to be 74 ½ inches (189.23 cm) collected near New Orleans, LA in the 1940s. They are often the targets of wanton killing and suffer continued persecution from illegal collecting. Today, the Eastern Timber Rattlesnake is an endangered animal species in Ohio. The timber rattlesnake's relatively long lifespan, low reproductive rate, infrequent reproductive events, and high juvenile mortality leads to a population dominated by older age classes with variable annual recruitment (Minnesota DNR 2009 PDF). Snakes—they’re a tough sell. Three-year shelf life. Timber rattlesnakes are long-live, with some reaching 45 or 50 years old, and by then have straight-sided rattles with almost no taper. Sexual maturity is not reached until at least the fourth year of life, and in many individuals, 6 – 7 years may be required. So despite a potential life- span of up to 30 years, a female timber rattlesnake may bear young only 10 to 15 times during its life. It helps if you can give a good reason besides simple biodiversity. Captives have lived 37 years. There appears to be high juvenile mortality, because many young timber rattlesnakes fall prey to natural predators such as crows, ravens, hawks and carnivorous mammals. A timber rattlesnake bite is a medical emergency. Predators of Timber Rattlesnake Human beings comprise as the principal predators of timber rattlesnakes. Studies focused on cancer, in particular using genomics and bioinformatics approaches. Stored frozen, Rattler Antivenin is good for three years from manufacture date. Discover How Long Timber rattlesnake Lives. Dark markings appear in bands around the body; they're rounded toward the head and become more v-shaped toward the tail. (That’s huge for a rattlesnake!) An educational and information resource on the science of ageing. The species has yellow eyes with elliptical or cat-like pupils. black. Similar species: Three other rattlesnakes are known from Missouri. The species historic range also included southern Ontario and southern Quebec in Canada, but in May 2001, the species was considered extirpated in Canada. Timber rattlesnakes are the 2nd largest venomous snake found in the eastern United States. However, they typically only bite in defense. Most, however, will only weigh about 1-2 pounds each. The timber rattlesnake, canebrake rattlesnake or banded rattlesnake (Crotalus horridus), is a species of venomous pit viper endemic to eastern North America. Although diurnal (active during the day) during spring and fall, timber rattlesnakes become nocturnal (active at night) during the oppressive heat of the summer. Life Span of Timber Rattlesnake These species can live up to 20 years of age. Negative Impacts; injures humans. Life History Connecticut’s rattlesnakes are active mid-April through October. Death due to a rattle snakebite is unlikely. Wild timber rattlesnakes can live over 30 years. Females and males of mountain populations do not become reproductively active until about eight years of age. Our lab leads the upkeep and development of HAGR. In timber rattlesnakes, the head is colored yellow, tan, or gray, and usually has a dark line running from each eye to the jaw. Most adult timber rattlesnakes are about 36-60 inches (76-152 cm) in total length. DISTRIBUTION The timber rattlesnake ranges from central New England to northern Florida, and west to Minnesota and Texas. Their lifespan may be anywhere from 16 to 22 years in the wild. Typical foods: Small to moderate-size rodents including squirrels, mice, shrews and chipmunks; small to moderate-size birds; sometimes other snakes and amphibians. They occur in relatively small numbers in the few remaining remote and rugged areas of the state. The timber rattlesnake feeds primarily on mice, other small mammals (voles, shrews, chipmunks, squirrels), and occasionally birds. Timber rattlesnakes are relatively large. Ready to use in five minutes. Canebrake, Canebrake Rattlesnake, Rattlesnake, Rattler. Timber rattlesnakes are long-lived and reproduce at a low rate, making for slow population growth. A curated database of ageing and life history information in animals, including extensive longevity records. ... “In a lifespan of 30 years, she’ll have maybe six clutches of nine eggs. A few snakes share similar markings or coloration as the timber rattlesnake. The timber rattlesnake feeds primarily on mice, other small mammals (voles, shrews, chipmunks, squirrels), and occasionally birds. The timber rattlesnake is the only snake in New Hampshire that actually has a rattle. Their main body color may be yellow, tan, brown or gray. The timber rattlesnake has a triangular head and ver-tical pupils. Thaw using a warm water bath; does NOT require reconstitution or dilution. Projects focused on gene expression profiling of ageing and of dietary manipulations of ageing, such as caloric restriction. When it comes to matur… Timber rattlesnakes live up to ten years. Most bites result from people intentionally handling rattlesnakes and often involve the use of alcohol or drugs. Analyses using the AnAge database to study the evolution of longevity and ageing in vertebrate lineages. Keep going … Comments, suggestions, ideas, and bug reports are welcome. Shown to be effective against envenomation in canine and equine due to North American Crotalidae. On the other hand, a timber rattlesnake does not immediately grab a lot of people as a fun idea. Taipans The Most Venomous Snakes in the World. Despite the venom, some other snake species, like the black racer, prey on rattlesnakes. Life Span. Like other pit-vipers, timber rattlesnakes are late maturing, long-lived, and reproduce repeatedly. Like other North American vipers, they have a broad, flat, triangular-shaped head. Description: DANGEROUSLY VENOMOUS (a threat to life or limb): Largest native rattlesnake in Kansas. A curated database of genes associated with dietary restriction in model organisms either from genetic manipulation experiments or gene expression profiling. WEIGHT. Despite their size, they use cryptic coloration and concealment as their primary means of defense. Database of human genes associated with cellular senescence. "Timber Rattlesnakes in New Jersey" Program. The young snakes will only remain with the mother for a short period before being left to survive on their own, as they are born with fangs and venom already present. Create your own unique website with customizable templates. It, however, has a checkerboard pattern on its belly. It isn't protected in the southern states but is listed as endangered in New Jersey, Vermont, Massachusetts, Virginia, New Hampshire, Indiana, and Ohio, and it is threatened in New York, Connecticut, Illinois, Minnesota, and Texas. Even so, the timber rattlesnake is not considered to be in serious danger. LIFE HISTORY Timber rattlesnakes may achieve ages of up to 40 years. Their average lifespan in the wild is around 16-22 years [0440], but some anecdotal evidence suggests they may live up to 50 years in the wild [0528]. Please contact us. T… In fact, nearly half of all timber rattlesnake bites to humans contain little to no venom, commonly referred to as dry or medically insignificant bites. Dorsally, these snakes have a pattern of dark brown or black crossbands on a yellowish-brown or grayish background. They den communally and will use the same den site for generations. Therefore, conservation of timber rattlesnakes must concentrate on protection of both individual snakes and habitat. The WhosAge database contains people and biotech companies that are contributing to increase our understanding of ageing and life-extension. Life History: Timber rattlesnakes give birth to live young in the fall before returning to the den to hibernate from November until May. Eastern milk snake -- Harmless to humans, the eastern milkshake shares a similar V or W pattern as the timber rattler. Their average lifespan in the wild is around 16-22 years [ 0440 ], but some anecdotal evidence suggests they may live up to 50 years in the wild [ 0528 ]. The timber rattlesnake may arguably be among the state's most endangered species. 1 of 33. Males may become sexually mature in as few as 5 years, whereas females take longer to reach sexual maturity, between 5 and 11 years. Timber rattlesnakes are known to live up to 30 years and mature relatively late in life. One prominent researcher, however, suggests that female reproductive activity in mountain populations may be delayed until 12 years of age. C. horridus usually overwinter singly or in small numbers (Wood, 1954a), but the life of a Timber Rattlesnake in other pards of the state centers around communal-ancestral dens (hibernacula) and birthing rookeries (Martin, 1988). 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